GENEVA — The UN migration agency (IOM) called on Friday for the setting up of a humanitarian corridor in Niger to enable voluntary returns of stranded migrants, after July’s military takeover triggered border & airspace closures
IOM Regional Director Christopher Gascon told reporters in Geneva that 4,800 migrants were hosted by IOM at seven transit centers in the country, awaiting voluntary return. They were primarily from western Africa: Mali, Guinea, Senegal and Nigeria, he said.
Gascon said airport access was crucial to “organize charter flights in order to return people home”.
He stressed that IOM’s transit centers were currently 40 percent over capacity and an additional 1,400 migrants outside the centers needed help.
Gascon added that setting up a corridor would also facilitate the delivery of aid to conflict-affected areas of Niger.
According to the UN, Niger hosts more than 710,000 forcibly displaced people including refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced persons.
When neighboring countries closed their borders following the July 26 military takeover and flights were suspended, it became very difficult for migrants to leave the country, and IOM noted “heightened internal movements, driven by the urgent need for individual security”.
The UN agency said that its operations in Niger were constrained by limited funding and called for financial support “to prevent the situation from escalating into a full-blown humanitarian crisis”.
The humanitarian appeal for the country is only about 30 percent funded, Gascon said, and providing assistance to people in the transit centers requires at least a million dollars a month.
Apart from operating the migrant centers and organizing voluntary returns, IOM underscored that it runs a “community stabilization program” in Niger to promote resilience among vulnerable communities, create jobs and improve livelihoods.
Gascon told reporters that he was also expecting the sanctions imposed on the country by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) at the start of the political crisis, blocking the ability to bring in goods, to impact IOM’s operations.
Further obstacles to aid are looming in Niger, as late on Wednesday the country’s military leaders reportedly announced that they were barring UN agencies as well as non-governmental organizations from working in military operation zones.
The UN’s humanitarian affairs coordination office (OCHA) said that it was reaching out to the de facto authorities to better understand the implications and scope of the announcement. Overall, some 4.3 million people in Niger are dependent on aid. — UN News